What Does an Accountant Do?

Have you ever wondered about the role of an accountant and the vital contributions they make to businesses and organizations? Accountants are financial experts who play a pivotal role in managing financial data, ensuring compliance, and providing invaluable insights for strategic decision-making.

Join us as we explore the diverse responsibilities of accountants, the essential skills they possess, potential cons of the profession, different types of accountants, and the industries where they are in highest demand.

What does an accountant typically do?

Generally speaking, accountants engage in a wide range of tasks, such as auditing cash flow, devising business strategies, budgeting, consulting, handling finance technology upgrades, forecasting financial trends, and managing debt. They are essential in maintaining the financial health of an entity and ensuring compliance with financial regulations. Below are some of the most common tasks performed by an accountant. 

Audit cash flow

Accountants meticulously review cash flow to monitor incoming and outgoing funds, enabling businesses to gain a comprehensive understanding of their financial health. By analyzing cash flow statements, accountants can identify patterns, assess liquidity, and strategize for optimal cash management, ensuring sufficient working capital to support day-to-day operations and long-term growth.

Business strategy

Accountants are instrumental in formulating financial strategies that align with an organization’s overarching objectives. By evaluating financial data and performance metrics, accountants assist businesses in making informed decisions to achieve sustainable growth, expand market share, and maximize profitability. Their financial insights play a critical role in guiding strategic planning and positioning the organization for long-term success.


Accountants are at the forefront of creating and managing budgets, a fundamental aspect of effective financial management. They collaborate with key stakeholders to develop realistic financial plans that align with the organization’s goals. Through ongoing budget monitoring and variance analysis, accountants ensure resources are optimally allocated, helping businesses stay on track to meet their financial objectives.


Accountants serve as trusted financial advisors, offering expert guidance to organizations seeking to enhance their financial performance. They provide valuable insights into cost reduction, investment opportunities, risk mitigation, and financial compliance. By tailoring their advice to each client’s specific needs, accountants empower businesses to make well-informed decisions that align with their financial goals.

Finance technology upgrades

In today’s technology-driven world, accountants leverage cutting-edge financial software and technological solutions to streamline financial processes and boost efficiency. By implementing finance technology upgrades, they enhance data accuracy, automate routine tasks, and expedite financial reporting, allowing businesses to focus on strategic initiatives and better serve their stakeholders.


Accountants are skilled at predicting financial trends and assessing potential challenges that may impact an organization’s financial performance. Through data analysis and financial modeling, accountants provide valuable forecasts that aid in proactive decision-making. Their insights enable businesses to anticipate market shifts, adjust strategies, and capitalize on emerging opportunities.

Debt management

Accountants play a vital role in assessing an organization’s debt levels and devising effective strategies for managing and reducing debt. By analyzing debt-to-equity ratios and interest rates, accountants offer solutions that optimize the debt structure and improve financial stability. Their expertise in debt management helps businesses maintain a healthy balance between leveraging debt for growth and managing financial risks.

Debt management

Project managers in the engineering industry typically oversee the planning, design, and execution of engineering projects. This may include civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and more. Project managers in engineering coordinate with cross-functional teams, manage budgets, adhere to regulatory requirements, and ensure projects are delivered on time. They may work on infrastructure development, manufacturing processes, product design, or research and development initiatives.

Important skills for an accountant

Successful accountants possess a diverse skill set that enables them to excel in their roles. Key skills for accountants include proficiency in mathematics, tech literacy, strong verbal and written communication, problem-solving abilities, and critical thinking skills. Some of the most important skills an accountant should have include:


Accountants rely on their strong mathematical abilities to perform complex calculations and analyze financial data accurately.

Tech literacy

In an increasingly digitized world, accountants must be adept at using financial software and technology to streamline financial operations.

Verbal and written communication

Effective communication is essential for accountants to convey financial information and recommendations clearly.

Problem-solving skills

Accountants must be skilled problem solvers, identifying financial challenges and devising solutions.

Critical thinking

Accountants employ critical thinking to interpret financial data and make strategic decisions based on data-driven insights.

Potential cons of being an accountant

While accounting can be a rewarding profession, it also comes with certain challenges, including stress, significant education requirements, and long working hours.


One of the challenges accountants may face is the heightened stress during tax season and financial reporting periods. As deadlines approach, accountants often experience high-pressure situations, requiring meticulous attention to detail and the ability to manage multiple tasks simultaneously. The responsibility of ensuring accurate financial records and compliance with ever-changing regulations can add to the stress levels in this profession.

Lots of education

Becoming a certified accountant demands a substantial commitment to education. Prospective accountants typically pursue at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field, followed by further educational requirements to obtain certifications such as Certified Public Accountant (CPA), Certified Management Accountant (CMA), or other specialized designations. Many accountants also choose to further their career by obtaining a master’s degree. The extensive educational journey demands dedication and perseverance, making it a significant consideration for those aspiring to enter the field.

Long hours

Accountants often find themselves working long hours, especially during peak financial periods like tax season or year-end closings. The need to meet tight deadlines and provide accurate financial reports may require overtime work, impacting work-life balance. Long hours can be particularly challenging for accountants with family commitments or other personal responsibilities.

Despite these potential challenges, many accountants find the profession highly rewarding due to the opportunity to contribute to financial decision-making, help businesses thrive, and build a successful career in a dynamic field. Balancing the cons with the numerous advantages of being an accountant, such as job stability, career advancement opportunities, and the potential to work in various industries, can make accounting an appealing and fulfilling career choice.

Different types of accountants

There are various types of accountants, each specializing in different areas to serve unique client needs.

Certified Public Accountant (CPA)

CPAs are licensed accountants who provide tax and financial planning services to individuals and businesses.

Certified Management Accountant (CMA)

CMAs focus on management accounting and financial planning for organizations.

Enrolled Agent (EA)

EAs specialize in tax matters and are authorized to represent taxpayers before the IRS.

Public Accountant

Public accountants provide accounting and financial services to the general public and businesses.

Private Accountant

Private accountants work exclusively for a specific organization, handling its financial matters internally.

Industries commonly hiring accountants

Accountants are in demand across various industries, playing a pivotal role in financial management and decision-making.

Business & e-commerce

Businesses and e-commerce enterprises require accountants to manage financial records, budgets, and taxes.


Government agencies rely on accountants to handle public funds, manage budgets, and ensure financial compliance.


Accountants in the healthcare industry handle medical billing, financial reporting, and budget management.

Tech / SaaS

Technology and Software as a Service (SaaS) companies hire accountants to manage finances, track expenses, and optimize financial processes.

Earn Your Master of Science in Accounting (MSA) From Nichols College

Accountants are essential professionals who contribute significantly to financial management, compliance, and strategic decision-making in diverse industries. Their expertise and skills make them indispensable in maintaining the financial health of businesses and organizations, ensuring long-term success and stability.

At Nichols College, our MSA program’s unique blend of academic excellence, dedicated faculty mentorship, and real-world experiences sets the stage for professional success and career advancement. Beyond academics, our strong industry connections and networking opportunities open doors to a wide range of prestigious accounting firms and corporations. Take the next step on this exciting journey and elevate your career potential at Nichols College today.